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Hormones / Endocrine

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis and Gut Function

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) is a thyroid disease whereby antithyroid antibodies and T-lymphocytes (part of the adaptive immune response) infiltrate and destroy cell components of the thyroid gland.1 Eventually, the thyroid gland loses its capacity to produce sufficient amounts of hormones necessary for normal function; an inevitable process which leads to hypothyroidism.1(661-662) As a means of…

ADHD and Western Diets

Chronic diseases continue to grow in number, now extending their reach into developing countries who have adopted Westernized foods and habits.1 Conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD), stroke, osteoarthrosis, obesity, autism, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are but a sample of conditions associated with Westernized foods and culture, which have now migrated into other…

Alzheimer’s Disease and Nutritional Support

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a condition which has increased its reach exponentially, and worldwide, over the last 10 years.1 AD is characterized by the development of two abnormal proteins in the brain known as tau and β-amyloid, which are toxic to nerve cells within the brain.2 Aggregation of said proteins inexorably leads to neuron destruction, degraded…

Hyperglycemia and Magnesium Supplementation

Hyperglycemia is a condition whereby glucose is poorly managed and stored throughout cells of the body. The degree of severity can be defined by multiple measures including fasting glucose tests (FGTs); less than 100 mg/dL is normal, ranges from 100 to 125 mg/dL is considered prediabetes.1 If two separate tests produce 126 mg/dL, or higher,…

Metabolic Syndrome, Biomarkers, and Nutritional Interventions

Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a condition defined as a constellation of risk factors which induce other disease states such as stroke, cardiovascular heart disease (CVD), and diabetes.1 Said biomarkers/risk factors include high blood pressure, decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), abdominal obesity, impaired fasting glucose, and elevated fasting triglycerides.2,3 Therefore, proper…

Carbohydrate Type, Fiber Consumption, and Elderly Diabetics

Laskir et al1 stated that malnutrition is a prevalent condition amongst elderly individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in hospital and geriatric care settings. As such, nutritional management is critical especially in the presence of acute disease, severe co-morbidities, and functional status; all of which are likely amongst geriatrics with T2D.1(2084) Therefore, developing nutritional protocols…

Hyperinsulinemia, Type 2 Diabetes, and Low Carbohydrate Nutritional Interventions

Insulin resistance (IR), a condition that effects 57 million people, is considered an early biomarker, and pre-cursor, of type 2 diabetes (T2D); a disease that currently effects 8% of the US population.2 IR is further characterized by high/normal levels of insulin, known as hyperinsulinemia (HI), required to dispose of blood glucose.1 Left unchecked, HI/T2D can…

Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals

Food-as-medicine is a paradigm and model used in the restoration of health and prevention of disease. Considering that research has implicated poor dietary habits (i.e., excess consumption of ultra-processed foods, alcohol, and vegetable oils) to the advent and progression of metabolic syndrome and other diseases, it is imperative that solutions are employed to mitigate such…

Hypogonadism and Prostate Cancer

In this author’s last post, prostate cancer (PC) growth and proliferation was explored as well as its relationship to low vitamin D (measured as 25-hydroxyvitamin D, or 25OHD) levels. In the following sections, this author would like to continue elucidating other conditions and mechanisms behind malignant tumor growth within the prostate, to include hypogonadism; a…

Vitamin D3 and Prostate Cancer

Vitamin D3 (VD) is largely known as a key nutrient in controlling metabolic bone disease. However, VD’s role in immune-modulating and anti-inflammatory capabilities has become increasingly recognized.1Interestingly, many tissues and cells, to include the immune system, contain vitamin D receptors (VDRs), indicating an intimate relationship between said nutrient and cell function.1(49) However, large portions of humans…